Discussion on Copyright

Here are the postings I made in the PIDP 3240 Discussion on Copyright

Re: Adding images to your blog – Thursday, 24 April 2014, 12:58 PM

Here is what I have found on the subject of Youtube videos:

“Video-sharing sites like YouTube and Vimeo offer the option to post videos to your blog by embedding them. When you embed a video, it automatically creates a link back to the place where it was originally posted. Because the original creator or poster is automatically credited, you don’t have to worry about going through any extra steps to give credit.” http://www.gcflearnfree.org/blogbasics/6.4

When you are uploading a video to youtube you can choose to turn the embed code on or off. It is assumed that by leaving it on you allowing others to share it. Also lately the courts have ruled that embedding a video in a blog is not the same as copying it.


Re: Who is the owner of that photograph?- Saturday, 26 April 2014, 9:38 PM

But you would be looked on as the producer of that video and also I would imagine the writer and director. The only way I can see your employer having any interest in the copyright on the video you produced is if you were doing it under their direction. This would put them in the position of the film studio who hold the copyright on the films they fund and produce.

Re: Who is the owner of that photograph? – Wednesday, 23 April 2014, 10:05 AM

Hi Kevin

Copyright works a little differently for video in that usually the producer or production company owns the copyright to the video produced not the camera operator. Another thing that I used to do when I was making a video is to use a standard release form that anyone appearing in my video would have to sign, giving me permission to use their image and voice in my film. Here is some more information on copyright for video producers.



Open Education Resources – Tuesday, 22 April 2014, 12:27 PM

As I started searching for copyright free educational material I came across the University of Michigan and their Open Michigan initiative:

“Open.Michigan initiative is based on the principle that public universities have a responsibility to share the knowledge and resources they create with the public they serve.”

This is an initiative that is in keeping with the view of the internet as a space to share and collaborate rather than an extension of the market economy. In researching further on their site I came across the Open Education Resources Commons which is an international consortia of libraries, educational institutions and other resource providers who provide an incredible amount of content for educators to use and share.

There is also a section on the site that allows you to contribute your own work using open author or you can share other material that you find on the internet. They also have a variety of groups based on a commonality of subjects being taught and the level that they are being taught at so that you can join in with people engaged in teaching similar subjects.

Re: Fair Dealings – Thursday, 17 April 2014, 11:47 AM

 Thanks for posting this resource Vara I will definitely take a look at it.

A Fair and Better Way Forward – Thursday, 17 April 2014, 11:41 AM

A Fair and Better Way Forward was written by the Canadian Copyright Institution in the fall of 2013 in an attempt to open a dialogue with the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, the Council of Ministers of Education Canada, and the Association of Canadian Community Colleges. Originally it was sent privately to the organizations involved but after they were actually rebuffed or ignored they decided to release it publicly. They want a return to the collective licensing agreement with educational institutions and a stricter limitation on the ability of educators to photocopy and distribute copyright protected material.

In an article in Quill and Quire CCI chair Jaqueline Hushion is interviewed and declares, ““There’s no measuring cup. Everybody has a different definition of fairness in proportional terms.” The report outlines different “fair dealing” scenarios that the Canadian Copyright Institute takes exception to.

It will be interesting to see if there is any compromise between copyright holders and educators. The recent Supreme Court decision has really expanded the scope of “fair dealing” and allows for the expanded use of copyright material.

Re: Locate copyright friendly images with Compfight.com – Tuesday, 15 April 2014, 11:48 AM

Great find Nicollette I like how you can find the licensing information so easily and it makes it so easy to download and organize your images.

Re: Adding images to your blog  – Tuesday, 15 April 2014, 11:36 AM

Thanks Vara very useful information.

Re: Copyright Issues in Online Courses – Friday, 11 April 2014, 8:50 AM

This is a problem that is going to become increasingly contentious in the future as MOOCs expand and gain ground in education. Most universities when they licence material for their courses do so for the students registered in and attending their classes and not for the students that access these courses through Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).

There are also other issues involving MOOCs. For example in a classroom setting the instructor “most often own the rights to the courses and materials they develop, modify, and teach unless a specific agreement with the institution indicates otherwise.” However because of the infrastructure and production investment that institutions put into setting up MOOCs, many institutions are putting in a claim on these rights.

Another factor in MOOCs are the platform providers. Institutions should carefully read the Terms of Service agreements that they sign because many platform providers want a proprietary claim on user generated content. Also terms of service agreements put the onus on the educator and institutions to licence the material that is put into the MOOC so they and not the platform provider are responsible for any copyright infringements. Because of the global reach of MOOCs it is harder to get copyright clearance for material used in these courses.

For more information on this issue I found this article which is licensed under a Creative Commons, Attribution, Non-Commercial, Non-derivative Licence.

Artist Legal Outreach – Wednesday, 2 April 2014, 11:39 AM

The Artist Legal Outreach is a website run by a group of volunteer lawyers and law students who offer legal advice for artists about copyright legislation so they can best share and protect their works. They offer clinics, workshops and a variety of online resources that you can use to develop best practices when it comes to attribution and protecting your own work on social media. They also offer information and advice about employment standards, employment status and a variety of standard agreements and contracts.

The Tyee is offering a master class this Saturday featuring Martha Rans from the ALO.

by David Maidman – Monday, 31 March 2014, 12:04 PM

Archive.org is a valuable source of materials that usually carry an open source or creative commons licence. Archive.org was founded in 1996 by Brewster Kahle an early internet pioneer and entrepreneur as a non-profit digital library with the mission of “universal access to all knowledge”. (Wikipedia) At first the Internet Archive began to archive web pages which the public could access in 2001 through the “Wayback Machine” located on the website.

The website also archives video, audio and has now started the Open Library which aspires to be a web-accessible public library. The video and audio content can be downloaded and remixed. This is also a site where you can upload and archive any podcasts or other material you might create and use it to distribute your content. I have found this site very a useful source for audio and video files that one can reuse without fear of copyright violation. This is what an open internet is all about. For anyone looking for useful material I would highly recommend this site.

Here is Brewster Kahle’s December 2007 TED Talk describing his project.

Michael Geist  – Monday, 24 March 2014, 1:25 PM

Michael Geist is a Canadian academic, and the Canada Research Chair in Internet and E-Commerce Law at the University of Ottawa (Wikipedia). He is one of the foremost experts and commentators on the internet and copyright law in Canada. On July 12, 2012 the Supreme Court of Canada ruled on 5 cases affecting copyright laws in Canada which fundamentally expanded the use of fair dealing in using copyrighted material.

Michael Geist edited a book “The Copyright Pentalogy: How the Supreme Court of Canada Shook The Foundations of Canadian Copyright Law” published in 2013. As a great believer in the open internet and the creative commons Dr. Geist makes the book available in pdf format for anyone to download.

Re: Copyright Infringement – Monday, 24 March 2014, 1:36 PM

I was at at the 2008 Hot Docs Film Festival in Toronto where the director of the movie Brett Gaylor was present discussing his soon to be released movie (it won a prize at the 2009 festival). It was a really well done movie as it showed how large corporations such as Disney appropriated material to create a character ie. Mickey Mouse from Steamboat Willie then copyrighted their creation so no one else could do the same. Also my focusing on one remix artist, Girl Talk, he kept the story immediate and engaging. The film was released by Hot Docs on their Kinosmith collection.

Re: Copyright Infringement – Tuesday, 18 March 2014, 12:35 PM

Kimberly I agree with you that copyright infringement is a thing of the past. I watched the music industry’s attack on Napster and file sharing and contrasted that with how Apple dealt with the problem by putting songs on their iTune store and having people pay to download them. For an interesting take on this problem I recommend Brett Gaylor’s NFB film RIP! A remix Manifesto.

Re: Copyright Infringement – Sunday, 16 March 2014, 2:55 PM

Fair dealing in Canada is a defence that allows substantial use of copy-right protected works to be used, copied, transformed for a purpose enumerated in the Copyright Act of Canada.  In the U.S. the system is called fair use and is not as restrictive as the Canadian system.
For example in the U.S. libraries can send an electronic copy of a journal article directly to the computer of a person requesting it whereas in Canada they can only be delivered in paper format or a payment must be made to the rights holder for an electronic version.
In the U.S. educators  can show films and videos in the classroom without payment or permission this requires a payment to the rights holder in Canada.
In the U.S. teachers can make multiple copies of a work including complete sets for a class in Canada once again payment must be made to rights holders represented  by a collective.  In 2003 $26.9 million was paid out much by educational institutions.
These are just a few examples of the advantages that the U.S. “Fair Use” system has compared to Canada’s “Fair Dealing” system for educators.  A good book on Canadian copyright law is “In the Public Interest: The Future of Canadian Copyright Law” edited by Michael Geist.  In Chapter 15 Carys Craig writes about recent rulings regarding Fair Dealing.   A good comparison of Canada-U.S. Copyright law was prepared by the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada in 2005.

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